Several sexually transmitted diseases like Gonorrhea and Chlamydia are detected through urine tests. Urine testing is a preferable option for detecting Gonorrhea and Chlamydia. Other practices can also help you determine STDs. However, urine tests offer a sense of privacy among patients and are easy to do.
Let’s read about how testing for Chlamydia and Gonorrhea is done by collecting urine samples alongside its advantages.
What is the purpose of urine tests in detecting STDs?
STD tests, especially for bacterial STDs, are very uncomfortable. Men get tested for Gonorrhea or Chlamydia by having a swab inserted in their urethra. Women have to go through a pelvic exam and cervical swabs will be taken and thus tested for bacteria.
Bacterial STD tests are extremely invasive and uncomfortable which makes people inclined toward urine tests. Since urine tests are now an alternative to bacterial STD testing, people are now likely to go through a regular STD screening. Urine tests also provide privacy and are a secure way to get screened for STDs.
Differences between urine tests and bacterial culture tests for STDs
There was once a time when bacterial culture tests were used to determine STDs. Due to its uncomfortable and invasive methods, now bacterial STD testing is done via urinalysis. The differences have been elucidated below:-
|Bacterial Culture Tests
|A sample of your urine is collected.
|A swab is inserted into their urethra (men) or they undergo a pelvic exam where the cervical fluid is obtained (women).
|Urine tests provide the utmost privacy.
|Bacterial culture tests are extremely cumbersome and invasive.
|People will feel much more comfortable examining their sexual health with urinalysis.
|Bacterial tests often induce terror among people.
Is a urine test for STDs risky?
Urine tests for determining STDs are not risky at all. It provides 100% accuracy in most cases and ensures safety. The urine sample is collected and then taken to the lab to do a bacterial DNA analysis. It provides accurate results with the utmost privacy.
Are any preparations needed before a urine test?
There are no such special preparations required before a urine STD test. But, you can talk to your healthcare provider regarding any doubts and what STD tests you are going to get tested for.
You can ask why those specific tests are chosen and you can even require additional testing if you fear the risk of contracting other STDs which your healthcare provider is not planning to test upon.
Finally, you should ask questions about when the results will be back and will the healthcare provider call you if your tests are negative. Some offices only make the call when the test results are positive.
Are Urine Test for STDs Reliable?
Chlamydia and Gonorrhea are the most common sexually transmitted infections in the United States. It predominantly affects the 15 to 24 age group, belonging to all racial and ethnic minorities, irrespective of their sexual orientation, and also transgender or gender-diverse communities.
The reliability of urine testing for common STDs especially Chlamydia and Gonorrhea, particularly using nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs), has been a subject of study and research for quite some time.
Urine tests for STDs involve the use of nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs), which have been found to be highly sensitive and specific for detecting Chlamydia and Gonorrhea in urine samples.
These STD testing are an alternative to traditional sampling methods that can be uncomfortable and embarrassing. Although concerns about their performance compared to culture techniques still exist, it’s important to consult healthcare professionals for the most accurate testing method based on individual circumstances.
Limitations of urine tests in Gonorrhea and Chlamydia
Gonorrhea and Chlamydia are generally asymptomatic. A urine test helps in determining whether the individual has Gonorrhea or not. Gonorrhea and Chlamydia are caused due to oral sex. In this case, the throat gets prone to infection. Anal sex can also lead to rectal Chlamydia and rectal Gonorrhea.
Both rectal and oral infections cannot be detected by urine testing. Hence it is important to inform your healthcare provider about every possible kind of sexual encounter that you might have experienced.
What are the other STDs that are detected through urine tests?
Trichomoniasis can be detected via urinalysis. It is a curable and easily detectable STD like Chlamydia and Gonorrhea. However, there have been researches that have suggested that a vaginal swab detects trich faster and more efficiently unlike urine tests.
Human papillomavirus or HPV is another STD that is detected by urinalysis. However, the test is not widely available like trichomoniasis.
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